Thaddeus Mackiewicz, Jr. PT, MS, D, CSCS joined Pain Consultants of East Tennessee in November 2013. Thad has been certified as a personal trainer since 1996 and licensed as a physical therapist since 2002.He received a Bachelor’s Degree in Exercise and Sport Science, Minor in Psychology from the Pennsylvania State University in 1996 and a Master’s degree and Doctorate degree from Widener University in Chester, Pennsylvania in 2002 and 2004. He has been credentialed as a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist through the National Strength and Conditioning Association since 2005. Thad joined the PCET team to provide another element to the multidisciplinary approach in chronic pain management through patient education and progressive therapeutic exercises, increasing each person’s functional ability while taking into account the chronic nature of each patient’s pain syndrome. These activities include cardiovascular training, lower body stretches, strengthening, and movement strategies including yoga, Pilates, Tai Chi, and balance training.